Top Ranking REGGAE songs of 2013

SOJA – She Still Loves Me (Acoustic)

SOJA and Collie Buddz – She Still Loves Me (Remix)

Jah Bouks – Angola

Stephen Marley, Buju Banton, and Akon – My Conclusion

Shaggy and Beres Hammond – Fight This Feeling

Alborosie – Who Run the Dance

Gentleman – Heart of Rub-A-Dub

Natty, Alborosie, and Busy Signal – Change (Vibe & Pressure Remix)

Protoje – Kingston Be Wise

Luciano – Weapons of War

Alborosie – Woman I Need You

Chronixx – Smile Jamaica

Protoje – Black Cinderella

The Courtney John Project – Black Cinderella

Jah9 – Avacado

Stephen Marley, Jah Cure, and Christopher Ellis – End of Time

Chronixx, Sizzla Kalonji, Protoje, and Kabaka Pyrmaid – Selsassie Souljahz

Addis Pablo & the Suns of Dub – Selassie Souljahz Dub

Tanya Stephens and Lone Ranger – If You Knew

Joe Lickshot – Vintage Conccert

Etana and Busy Signal – Love, Love, Love

Dre Island – Uptown Downtown

Sizzla – Good Love

Capleton and Slightly Stoopid – No Cocaine

Major Lazer, Busy Signal, The Flexican, and FS Green – Watch Out For This (Bumaye)

Freddie McGregor – For Your Love

Chronixx – Good Over Evil

Green Lion Crew, Kabaka Pyrmaid, Chronixx, and Dre Island – Rasta Road (Rough Road Remix)

Jah9 – Steamers A Bubble

Maxi Priest – Easy To Love

Gyptian – Wine Slow

Cocoa Tea, Shaggy, and Joe – Like Never Before

I-Wayne and Rebelution – So High

SOJA and J. Boog – Fuck Your System (Jr Blender Mentality Remix)

Snoop Lion, Mavado, and Popcaan – Lighters Up

The Aggrolites – Complicated Girl

Luciano – Create Our History (Freedom)

Jemere Morgan – Neighborhood Girl

Sizzla – Dem Nuh Business

Macka Diamond – Dye Dye

Chronixx – Here Comes Trouble

Snoop Lion and Akon – Tired of Running

Luciano and Anthony B – Never Leave the Roots

Bob Marley, Lee “Scratch” Perry, DJ Z-Trip, and the Wailers – Punky Reggae Party (Z-Trip Remix)

Richie Stephens and U-Roy – Real Reggae Music

Chronixx – Odd Ras

Black-Am-I – Samson Strength

Morgan Heritage – Here Comes The King

Mavado – Million Dollar Man

Ezra Koenig and Major Lazer – Jessica

Snoop Lion and Mr. Vegas – Fruit Juice

Eek-A-Mouse and the Expendables – Ganja Smugglin’

Major Lazer, Vybz Kartel, Santigold, Danielle Haim, and Yasmin – You’re No Good

Wayne Marshall, Damian “Junior Gong” Marley, Bounty Killer, I-Octane, Aidonia, and Vybz Kartel – Go Hard

Samantha J – Tight Up Skirt

Busy Signal – Bedroom Bully

Jo Mersa – Comfortable

Vybz Kartel – Business

Wyclef Jean and Major Lazer – Reach for the Stars

Gyptian – Non Stop

Sean Paul – Other Side of Love

Snoop Lion – La La La

Anthony B – Can’t Stop Loving You

Chronixx – Behind Curtain

Bob Marley, Ziggy Marley, and the Wailers – Stir It Up (Ziggy Marley Remix)

 

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Top Ranking REGGAE songs of 2013

Top Ranking Albums of December 2013

Addis Pablo and the Suns of Dub Selassie Souljahz in Dub [Royal Order Music 2013]

HaimDays Are Gone [Columbia 2013]

Richie StephensReal Reggae Music [Pot of Gold 2013]

ChronixxSmile Jamaica [Silly Walks Discotheque 2013]

Various ArtistsStrictly the Best, Vol. 48 [VP Records 2013]

Sean Paul The Other Side of Love [VP/Atlantic Records 2013]

Various Artists Strictly the Best, Vol . 49 [VP Records 2013]

ChronixxOdd Ras [DigitalVibezEntertainment 2013]

DessaParts of Speech [INGROOVES 2013]

Glen HansardDrive All Night [Anti/Epitaph 2013]

Bun-BTrill OG “The Epilogue” [Rap-A-Lot Records 2013]

Neil YoungLive at the Cellar Door [Silver Bow 2013]

Top Ranking Albums of December 2013

MODULE 15 PART 1: Introduction to Reconstruction

Reconstruction, 1865-1877

Reconstruction was a period of rebuilding after the Civil War. Not so much a physical rebuilding of the war-torn cities and farms but a rebuilding or reconstructing of the nation. Reconstruction represents the political and legal process of putting the Union back together.  In reality, Reconstruction continued the war but with political fighting rather than bloody battles. 

The Federal government considered several central questions after the Civil War:

1. Formerly Enslaved Africans or Freedmen and Freedwomen  

What to do with the four million former enslaved Africans?

Were they citizens?

Would they have equal political rights?

2. The Southern States 

What to do with the former Confederate states? 

Were they equal? 

Had they actually ever seceded? 

Did they need to be readmitted into the Union?

3. The Southern People 

What to do with the former Confederates? 

Should all southerners be punished? 

Should Confederate leaders, politicians, and military commanders be punished?

The leaders of the country grappled with these questions and would try to address them for over a  decade. 

The Three Main Phases of Reconstruction

To get started, there were three main phases of Reconstruction:

1. Wartime Reconstruction, 1861-1865

2. Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867

3. Congressional or Radical Reconstruction, 1867-1877

FURTHER LISTENING:

Track: “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down,” Written by Robbie Robertson. Performed by the Band.

Album: The Band,  The Last Waltz (Warner Brothers Records, 1978).

The South had been devastated by the war and the road to reunion would be perilous and wrought with racial rancor. The animosities after the war bred violence. Many Southerners felt it was a matter of honor, but in most cases the violence stemmed from deep-ceded prejudice. Popular culture played on the former notion of honor and created a myth around Southern resistance known as “the Lost Cause.”  

This youtube video of The Band performing “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” personified Southern feelings and their “Lost Cause.” This is a clip from The Band’s famous final concert film The Last Waltz, which would also become a best-selling album. While watching the video, make note of the lyrics, especially the pain and anguish taking its toll on this Confederate veteran. 

FURTHER READING

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988).

MODULE 15 PART 1: Introduction to Reconstruction