MODULE 15 PART 1: Introduction to Reconstruction

Reconstruction, 1865-1877

Reconstruction was a period of rebuilding after the Civil War. Not so much a physical rebuilding of the war-torn cities and farms but a rebuilding or reconstructing of the nation. Reconstruction represents the political and legal process of putting the Union back together.  In reality, Reconstruction continued the war but with political fighting rather than bloody battles. 

The Federal government considered several central questions after the Civil War:

1. Formerly Enslaved Africans or Freedmen and Freedwomen  

What to do with the four million former enslaved Africans?

Were they citizens?

Would they have equal political rights?

2. The Southern States 

What to do with the former Confederate states? 

Were they equal? 

Had they actually ever seceded? 

Did they need to be readmitted into the Union?

3. The Southern People 

What to do with the former Confederates? 

Should all southerners be punished? 

Should Confederate leaders, politicians, and military commanders be punished?

The leaders of the country grappled with these questions and would try to address them for over a  decade. 

The Three Main Phases of Reconstruction

To get started, there were three main phases of Reconstruction:

1. Wartime Reconstruction, 1861-1865

2. Presidential Reconstruction, 1865-1867

3. Congressional or Radical Reconstruction, 1867-1877

FURTHER LISTENING:

Track: “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down,” Written by Robbie Robertson. Performed by the Band.

Album: The Band,  The Last Waltz (Warner Brothers Records, 1978).

The South had been devastated by the war and the road to reunion would be perilous and wrought with racial rancor. The animosities after the war bred violence. Many Southerners felt it was a matter of honor, but in most cases the violence stemmed from deep-ceded prejudice. Popular culture played on the former notion of honor and created a myth around Southern resistance known as “the Lost Cause.”  

This youtube video of The Band performing “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down” personified Southern feelings and their “Lost Cause.” This is a clip from The Band’s famous final concert film The Last Waltz, which would also become a best-selling album. While watching the video, make note of the lyrics, especially the pain and anguish taking its toll on this Confederate veteran. 

FURTHER READING

Foner, Eric. Reconstruction: America’s Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New York: Harper & Row, 1988).

MODULE 15 PART 1: Introduction to Reconstruction

Top Ranking Albums of June 2013

Jimmy CliffThe KCRW Sessions [Universal 2013]

SizzlaThe Messiah [VP Records 2013]

Bob Marley & the WailersLegend Remixed [Tuff Gong 2013]

Various ArtistsLove for Levon [Time 2013]

Various ArtistsLet Us In Americana [Reviver Records 2013]

Steve EarleThe Low Highway [New West 2013]

Sean NelsonMake Good Choices [Really Records 2013]

Slaid CleavesStill Fighting the War [Music Road Records 2013]

Bob SchneiderBurden of Proof [Kirtland Records 2013]

Dale Watson & His TroopersEl Rancho Azul [Red House Records 2013]

Shiny Ribs Gulf Coast Museum [Nine Mile Records 2013]

Patty GriffinAmerican Kid [New West Records 2013]

Billy BraggTooth and Nail [Essential Music 2013]

John FogertyWrote A Song For Everyone [Vanguard 2013]

Warren Hood BandWarren Hood Band [Red Parlor Records 2013]

The Carper FamilyOld-Fashioned Gal [The Carper Family 2013]

Mavis Staples One True Vine [Anti/Epitaph 2013]

Booker TSound the Alarm [Stax 2013]

Top Ranking Albums of June 2013

Top Ranking Singles of 2011

Graham Wilkinson – Focus

Stephen Marley, Damian “Jr. Gong” Marley, & Buju BantonJah Army

Hayes Carll – KMAG YOYO

The Decemberists – This Is Why We Fight

Busy Signal – The Gambler

Stevie Face – Can’t Go Round

Emmylou Harris – My Name Is Emmett Till

Damian “Jr. Gong” MarleyWanted (Just Ain’t The Same)

Bright EyesOne For You, One For Me

Courtney John – Never Keep You Waiting

GyptianDuggu Duggu

Pokey LaForge & the South City Three – Feel So Good

Richie SpiceMy Life

Paul Simon Getting Ready For Christmas

Alborosie & Junior ReidRespect

Peter Bjorn & John – Second Chance

Iron & Wine – Tree By The River

Third World, Damian Marley, & Stephen Marley96 Degrees 

Amos Lee – Windows Are Rolled Down

Mr. Vegas, Shaggy, and Josey Wales – Sweet Jamaica

The Uprising Roots Band – Steamers

Mac MillerParty On Fifth Ave

Richie Spice – Soothing Sound 

Raging Fyah – Irie Vibe

Stuart Duncan, Chris Thile, Edgar Meyer, & Yo-Yo MaAttaboy

Sanchez – El Paso

The Decemberists – Down By The Water

Courtney John – Everyday

The Beastie Boys & Santigold – Don’t Play No Games

Cham – Stronger

Bright Eyes – Firewall

I-Wayne – Pure As the Nile

The Decemberists – June Hymn

Vybz Kartel – Poor People Land

Protoje – Take Control

Tarrus Riley – The Chair

Lil Wayne, Bun B, Nas, Shyne, & Busta Rhymes – Outro

Chino – Driving Me Insane

Iba Mahr – Will I Wait

Thievery Corporation – Culture of Fear

Laza – One By One

Gillian Welch – Scarlet Town

Stephen Marley – Pale Moonlight (How Many Times)

Robert Earl Keen, Jr. – Waves on the Ocean

Alborosie – La Revolucion

Brian Wilson – Listen To Me

Assassin – How Mi Feel

James Blake – Limit to Your Love

Shaggy  & Tarrus Riley – Just Another Girl

Stephen Marley – Can’t Keep I Down

Lyle Lovett – Well…Alright

Shabba Ranks – None Ah Dem

Wilco – I Might

Freddie McGregor – A House Is Not A Home

Smith Westerns – Weekend

Romain Virgo & Larry Gatlin – California

Das Racist – Booty in the Air

DeMarco – Love My Life

Tune-Yards – You Yes You

Richie Spice – Legal

Gillian Welch – The Way It Goes

Easy Star All Stars – Paid My Dues

Queen Ifrica – Pot Still Haffi Bubble

Wiz Khalifa & Too Short – On My Level

Pokey LaFarge & the South City Three – So Long Honeybee, Goodbye

Stephen Marley – No Cigarette Smoking In My Room

Paul Simon – So Beautiful Or So What

Collie Buddz – Playback

Bright Eyes – Shell Games

Gyptian – My Number One

The Decemberists – All Arise!

L.U.S.T. – Flowers on the Wall

Lil Wayne – How To Love

Romain Virgo – The System

Alexi Murdoch – Crinan Wood

Easy Star All Stars, Daddy Lion Chandell, & Junior Jazz – One Likkle Draw

Bright Eyes – A Machine Spiritual (In The People’s Key)

Richie Spice – Father

YACHT – Dystopia

Alborosie & Giuseppe Tarantino – International Drama

Zooey Deschanel – It’s So Easy

Tarrus Riley – Never Leave I

The Decemberists – January Hymn

Beres Hammond – Pull Up

Pokey LaFarge & the South City Three – Keep Your Hands of My Gal

Paul Simon – Love Is Eternal Sacred Light

Richie Spice – Yap Yap

Coldplay – Paradise

Stephen Marley – Old Slaves

Gillian Welch – Hard Times

Gramps Morgan – Feels So Right

The Decemberists – Calamity Song

Alborosie – Rolling Like A Rock

Red Hot Chili Peppers – The Adventures of Rain Dance Maggie

Beres Hammond – He Stopped Loving Her Today

Adele – Rolling in the Deep

Queen Ifrica – Times Like These

Gillian Welch – Six White Horses

Stephen Marley & Spragga Benz – Working Ways

James Blake – Wilhelm Scream

Tarrus Riley – Shaka Zulu Pickney

Robbie Robertson & Robert Randolph – How To Become Clairvoyant

Chino – God Nah Sleep (Rise and Fall Story)

Jeff Lynne – Words of Love

Richie Spice – Black Woman

Adele – Someone Like You

Alborosie – Ragamuffin

Paul Simon – The Afterlife

Stephen Marley – Freedom Time

Lil Wayne – President Carter

Vybz Kartel – Summertime

Alexander – In the Twilight

SuperHeavy – Miracle Worker

Ziggy Marley & Heavy D – It

Paul Simon – Rewrite

Alexi Murdoch – Through the Dark

Bounty Killer – Ready Fi Dem

Alexander – Truth

Snoop Dogg & T-Pain – Boom

Easy Star All Stars – Reggae Pension

Alexander – Awake My Body

Stephen Marley – Tight Ship

Robert Earl Keen, Jr. – Black Baldy Stallion

Luciano – He’ll Have To Go

Wilco – Dawned On Me

Vybz Kartel – Whine (Wine)

Ringo Starr – Think It Over

Stephen Marley – Now I Know

Robbie Robertson, Eric Clapton, & Steve Winwood – Fear of Falling

The Beastie Boys & Nas – Too Many Rappers (New Reactionaries Version)

Easy Star All Stars – Don’t Stop the Music

Smith Westerns – Only One

Lupe Fiasco – The Show Goes On

Ziggy Marley – Personal Revolution

Pokey LaForge & the South City Three – Drinking Whiskey Tonight

Alborosie – One Draw

Paul Simon – Love and Blessings

Stephen Marley – Break Us Apart

Das Racist – Relax

Richie Spice – Got To Make It

Wanda Jackson – You Know That I’m No Good

Beres Hammond – I Am Missing You

Mavado – Peppa

Hayes Carll – Stomp and Holler

Tarrus Riley – Groovy Little Thing

Tune-Yards – Bizness

Snoop Dogg & Willie Nelson – Superman

Pokey LaFarge & the South City Three – Weedwacker Rag

Shaggy & Agent Sasco (aka Assassin) – Feeling Alive

Alexander – Let’s Win

Alborosie – Camilla

Bright Eyes – Haile Selassie

Richie Spice – Serious Woman

Robert Earl Keen – Top Down

Stephen Marley – The Chapel

Alborosei & Etana – You Make Me Feel Good

Gillian Welch – The Way The Whole Thing Ends

Shaggy & Alaine – For Yur Eyez Only

Alexander – Let’s Make To Not Make A Deal

The Decemberists – Rise To Me

Etana – People Talk

Smith Westerns – Still New

Richie Spice – Confirmation

The Decemberists – Rox in the Box

Dr. Dre – Kush

Richie Spice – Mother of Creation

The Beastie Boys – Funky Donkey

Tune-Yards – Killa

Hayes Carll – Another Like You

Alborosie – Who You Think You Are

Robert Earl Keen, Jr. – Who Do Man

Hayes Carll – Hard Out Here

Richie Spice – Jah Never Let Us Down

Paul Simon – Questions For the Angels

Stephen Marley – She Knows Now

The Decemberists – Dear Avery

Wiz Khalifa – Black & Yellow

Jamelody – This Time

Stuart Duncan, Chris Thile, Edgar Meyer, & Yo Yo Ma – Less Is Moi

Chipmunk – Every Gal

Wanda Jackson – Thunder On The Mountain

Etana – Crazy

The Beastie Boys – Here’s A Little Something For You

Beenie Man – Let’s Go

Tessanne Chin – Firework

Dr. Dre – I Need A Doctor

Alexander – A Million Years

Easy Star All Stars, Lady Ann, Tony Tuff, and the Meditations – Easy Now Star

Paul Simon – Dazzling Blue

Stephen Marley – False Friends

Alexander – Bad Bad Love

Tune-Yards – Gangsta

Harvey and Mista Brown – Hot Gyal

Robbie Robertson – Tango for Django

The Decemberists – Don’t Carry It All

Mavado – Final Destination

Emmylou Harris – Hard Bargain

Pokey LaFarge & the South City Three – River Rock Bottom

Thievery Corporation – Overstand

Richie Spice – Better Tomorrow

Lil Wayne – 6 Foot 7 Foot

I-Octane – Nuh Ramp Wid We


Top Ranking Singles of 2011